How to Cite a Research Paper: APA, MLA, ASA, Chicago Formats | EssayPro

 

citing sources research paper

Citing Sources in a Research Paper Here is a list of published guides to citation style, available in print from the WCSU libraries, for use in citing sources published in print and online. Please note that items on RESERVE have a shorter borrowing period than normal. To check out a guide at the Circulation Desk, you must present your. This area also includes materials on evaluating research sources. Using Research. These OWL resources will help you use the research you have conducted in your documents. This area includes material on quoting and paraphrasing your research sources, as well as material on how to avoid plagiarism. APA Style. Feb 24,  · How To Cite A Research Paper Using MLA Format When citing a research paper in MLA style, include references within two sections: Electronic Sources. For electronic sources utilize the inventor's name and page number or area number for in-substance references. This is only if the information does not have page or section numbers by any Author: Jacob Quigley.


How to Cite Sources in a Research Paper | Pen and the Pad


This depends on what type of work you are writing, how you are using the borrowed material, and the expectations of your instructor. First, you have to think about how you want to identify your sources. If your sources are very important to your ideas, you should mention the author and work in a sentence that introduces your citation. If, citing sources research paper, however, you are only citing the source to make a minor point, you may consider using parenthetical references, footnotes, or endnotes.

There are also different forms of citation for different disciplines. For example, when you cite sources in a psychology paper you would probably use a different form of citation than you might in a paper for an English class. Finally, you should always consult your instructor to determine the form of citation appropriate for your paper. You can save a lot of time and energy simply by asking "How should I cite my sources," or "What style of citation should I use?

In the following sections, we will citing sources research paper you step-by-step through some general guidelines for citing sources. The first time you cite a source, it is almost always a good idea to mention its author stitle, citing sources research paper, and genre book, article, or web page, etc.

If the source is central to your work, citing sources research paper, you may want to introduce it in a separate sentence or two, summarizing its importance and main ideas.

But often you can just tag this information onto the beginning or end of a sentence. For example, the following sentence puts information about the author and work before the quotation:. You may also want to describe the author s if they are not famous, or if you have reason to believe your reader does not know them. You should say whether they are economic analysts, artists, physicists, etc. If you do not know anything about the author, and cannot find any information, it is best to say where you found the source and why you believe it is credible and worth citing.

For example. If you have already introduced the author and work from which you are citing, and you are obviously referring to the same work, you probably don't need to mention them again.

However, citing sources research paper, if you have cited other sources and then go back to one you had cited earlier, it is a good idea to mention at least the author's name again and the work if you have referred to more than one by this author to avoid confusion.

Taking the exact words from an original source is called quoting. You should quote material when you believe the way the original author expresses an idea is the most effective means of communicating the point you want to make. If you want to borrow citing sources research paper idea from an author, but do not need his or her exact words, you should try paraphrasing instead of quoting. Most of the time, paraphrasing and summarizing your sources is sufficient but remember that citing sources research paper still have to cite them!

Most of citing sources research paper time, you can just identify a source and quote from it, as in the first example above. Sometimes, however, you will need to modify the words or format of the quotation in order to fit in your paper. Whenever you change the original words of your source, you must indicate that you have done so.

Otherwise, you would be claiming the original author used words that he or she did not use. But be careful not to change too many words! You could accidentally change the meaning of the quotation and falsely claim the author said something they did not, citing sources research paper. For example, let's say you want to quote from the following passage in an essay called "United Shareholders of America," by Jacob Weisberg:.

When you quote, you generally want to be as concise as possible. Keep only the material that is strictly relevant to your own ideas. So here you would not want to quote the middle sentence, since it is repeated again in the more informative last sentence.

However, just skipping it would not work -- the final sentence would not make sense without it. So, you have to change the wording a little bit. In order to do so, you will need to use some editing symbols. Your quotation might end up looking like this:.

The brackets around the word [money] indicate that you have substituted that word for other words the author used. To make a substitution this important, however, you had better be sure that [money] is what the final phrase meant -- if the author intentionally left it ambiguous, you would be significantly altering his meaning. That would make you guilty of fraudulent attribution.

In this case, however, the paragraph following the one quoted explains that the author is referring to money, citing sources research paper it is okay. As a general rule, it is okay to make minor grammatical and stylistic changes to make the quoted material fit in your paper, but it is not okay to significantly alter the structure of the material or its content.

When you have "embedded quotes," or quotations within quotations, you should switch from the normal quotation marks "" to single quotation marks '' to show the difference.

For example, if an original passage by John Archer reads:. The exact formatting requirements for long quotations differ depending on the citation style. In general, however, if you are quoting more than 3 lines of material, you should do the following:. A bibliography is a list of all of the sources you have used in the process of researching your work.

In general, a bibliography should include:. An annotated bibliography is the same as a bibliography with one important difference: in an annotated bibliography, the bibliographic information citing sources research paper followed by a brief description of the content, quality, citing sources research paper, and usefulness of the source.

Citing sources research paper are notes placed at the bottom of a page. They cite references or comment on a designated part of the text above it. Citing sources research paper example, say you want to add an interesting comment to a sentence you have written, but the comment is not directly related to the argument of your paragraph. In this case, you could add the symbol for a footnote. Then, at the bottom of the page you could reprint the symbol and insert your comment.

Here is an example:. When your reader comes across the footnote in the main text of your paper, he or she could look down at your comments right away, or else continue reading the paragraph and read your comments at the end.

Because this makes it convenient for your reader, most citation styles require that you use either footnotes or endnotes in your paper. Some, however, allow you to make parenthetical references author, date in the body of your work.

See our section on citation styles for more information. Footnotes are not just for interesting comments, however. Sometimes they simply refer to relevant sources -- they let your reader know where certain material came from or where they can look for other sources on the subject.

To decide whether you should cite your sources in footnotes or in the body of your paper, you should ask your instructor or see our section on citation styles.

Whenever possible, put the footnote at the end of a sentence, immediately following the period or whatever punctuation mark completes that sentence. Skip two spaces after the footnote before you begin the next sentence. If you must include the footnote in the middle of a sentence for the sake of clarity, or because the sentence has more than one footnote try to avoid this! Otherwise, put it right at the end of the most relevant word.

If the footnote is not at the end of a sentence, skip only one space after it. The only real difference is placement -- footnotes appear at the bottom of the relevant page, while endnotes all appear at the end of your document.

If you citing sources research paper your reader to read your notes right away, footnotes are more likely to get your reader's attention. Endnotes, on the other hand, are less intrusive and will not interrupt the flow of your paper. Sometimes you may be asked to include these -- especially if you have used a parenthetical style of citation. A "works cited" page is a list of all the works from which you have borrowed material.

Your reader may find this more convenient than footnotes or endnotes because he or she will not have to wade through all of the comments and other information in order to see the sources from which you drew your material.

A "works consulted" page is a complement to a "works cited" page, listing all of the works you used, whether they were useful or not. Well, yes. The title is different because "works consulted" pages citing sources research paper meant to complement "works cited" pages, and bibliographies may list other relevant sources in addition to those mentioned in footnotes or endnotes.

Choosing to title your bibliography "Works Consulted" or "Selected Bibliography" may help specify the relevance of the sources listed. Skip to content.

Identifying Sources in the Body of Your Paper The first time you cite a source, it is almost always a good idea to mention its author sciting sources research paper, title, and genre book, citing sources research paper, article, or web page, citing sources research paper, etc.

For example, In an essay presented at an Asian Studies conference held at Duke University, Sheldon Geron analyzes the relation of state, labor-unions, and small businesses in Japan between s and s.

Quoting Material What is Quoting? How Often Should I Quote? For example, let's say you want to quote from the following passage in citing sources research paper essay called "United Shareholders of America," by Jacob Weisberg: The citizen-investor serves his fellow citizens badly by his inclination to withdraw from the community. Citing sources research paper tends to serve himself badly as well.

He does so by focusing his pursuit of happiness on something that very seldom makes people happy in the way they expect it to. He tends to serve himself badly Quoting within Quotes When you have "embedded quotes," or quotations within quotations, you should switch from the normal quotation marks "" to single quotation marks '' to show the difference.

In general, however, if citing sources research paper are quoting more than 3 lines of material, you should do the following: change the font to citing sources research paper noticeably smaller in a document that is mostly 12 point font, citing sources research paper, you should use a 10 point font, citing sources research paper example double indent the quotation -- that means adjusting the left and right margins so that they are about one inch smaller than the main body of your paper if you have this option in your word-processor, "left-justify" the text.

That means make it so that each line begins in the same place, creating a straight line on the left side of the quotation, while the right side is jagged do NOT use quotation marks citing sources research paper the entire quotation -- the graphic changes you have made already changing the font, citing sources research paper, double indenting, etc.

For quotations within that quotation, use normal quotation marks, not single ones you might want to skip 1. Yet it was not an easy task for him. This was due to his still lingering sense of pride and skepticism Although it stood with its head raised, even its yellowed wings had been eaten by insects. He thought of his entire life and felt tears and cruel laughter welling up inside. All that remained for him was madness or suicide, citing sources research paper.

Listing References What's a Bibliography? In general, a bibliography should include: the authors' names the titles of the works citing sources research paper names and locations of the companies that published your copies of the sources the dates your copies were published the page numbers of your sources if they are part of multi-source volumes OK, So What's an Annotated Bibliography?

What Are Footnotes? Here is an example: This is an illustration of a footnote.

 

Citing Sources | Duke University Libraries

 

citing sources research paper

 

Feb 10,  · Read more about How To Cite A Research Paper Using MLA Format. Research Paper in Chicago Style. The Chicago style of citing is commonly used in humanities. It requires writers to cite sources in endnotes or cairaudio.ga: Tia Moreen. Citing Sources in a Research Paper Here is a list of published guides to citation style, available in print from the WCSU libraries, for use in citing sources published in print and online. Please note that items on RESERVE have a shorter borrowing period than normal. To check out a guide at the Circulation Desk, you must present your. Home > Research Support > Citing Sources. Citing Sources. APA. Also see print version. Chicago. Also see print version or online (Duke only) version. CSE. Also see print version. MLA. Also see print version. Turabian. Also see print or Kindle versions.